It will be 16th Indian presidential election, in 2022. Ram NathKovind is currently holding this status. It is stated in Article 56(1) of the Indian Constitution that the Indian President will hold the chair for a term of 5 years. After President Ram NathKovind's term expires, an election will be conducted on July 18th, 2022, and the results will be announced on July 21st, 2022. On June 21, 2022, it was unanimously decided that Yashwant Sinha, a former BJP leader, would be the consensus candidate for the 2022 Presidential Election. Meanwhile, NDA announced its presidential candidate for 2019, DraupadiMurmu.
Indisputably, the 28 state legislatures and the three union territories of Delhi, Puducherry, and Jammu and Kashmir elect India's president via an electoral college composed of members of parliament from both houses, state legislatures, and the three union territories. As of 2022, the total number of Members of Parliament is 776 and that of Members of the Legislative Assembly is 4,033 (this number does not include 90 MLAs in accordance with the currently dissolved Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly).
The election commission assigns different votes to electoral membersto ensure that the overall weight of MPs and MLAs stays equivalent and thus the voting power is kept proportional to the population of states and territories. A majority of 543,216 votes was required for a majority of the 1,086,431 members of the electoral college.
There must be at least 50 proposers and 50 seconders for a candidate to be nominated for President of the United States. The Instant-runoff voting system uses a secret ballot to conduct the election. According to the Constitution,Article 55 concludes the process for choosing a president.
In accordance with Article 58, The Indian President and Vice President should be citizens of the Republic of India with a minimum of 35 years of age. As with a Lok Sabha member, a presidential candidate must be eligible to run for office and cannot hold any paid position within the Indian government. Political parties can nominate their preferred candidate for president in multiple ways. Still, the most common option is to hold a primary election, in which each party nominates its preferred candidate. As is customary in the primary process, voters cast ballots for a slate of candidates who have vowed their support to one particular candidate. After that, the party delegates choose a candidate forrepresentation in the election. Voters cast ballots for Electoral College members, who in a result elect the president and vice president, in July's general election, which is also an indirect election.
The Returning Officers are moved between the Secretaries-Generalrelated toLok Sabha andRajya Sabha. Lok Sabha's Secretary-General was the Returning Officer for the 2017 Presidential Election. When it came time to nominate a returning officer in 2022, the Election Commission of India (ECI) made Shri P.C. Mody according to the Notification dated June 13, 2022.
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